Felipe De Brigard

Felipe De Brigard

Fuchsberg-Levine Family Associate Professor


Most of my research focuses on the way in which memory and imagination interact. So far, I have explored ways in which episodic memory both guides and constrains episodic counterfactual thinking (i.e., thoughts about alternative ways in which past personal events could have occurred), and how this interaction affects the perceived plausibility of imagined counterfactual events. I also explore the differential contribution of episodic and semantic memory in the generation of different kinds of counterfactual simulations, as well as the effect of counterfactual thinking on the memories they derive from. In addition, my research attempts to understand how prior experience helps to constrain the way in which we reconstruct episodic memories. Finally, I am also interested in the role of internal attention during conscious recollection. To address these issues I use behavioral and functional magnetic resonance imaging techniques, as well as the conceptual rigor of philosophical analysis.

Education & Training

  • Post Doctoral Fellow, Philosophy, Harvard University 2011 - 2013

  • Ph.D., University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill 2011

  • Visiting Instructor, Philosophy, Elon University 2009 - 2010

  • M.A., University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill 2007

  • M.A., Tufts University 2005

  • A.B., Universidad Nacional de Colombia (Colombia) 2002

Selected Grants

Summer Seminars in Neuroscience and Philosophy awarded by Templeton World Charity Foundation (Co-Principal Investigator). 2020 - 2023

Effects of Aging on Episodic Memory-Dependent Decision Making awarded by National Institutes of Health (Co Investigator). 2018 - 2023

Counterfactual Simulation and Omissive Causation awarded by Office of Naval Research (Principal Investigator). 2017 - 2021

Summer Seminars in Neuroscience and Philosophy (SSNAP) awarded by John Templeton Foundation (Co-Program Leader). 2016 - 2020

Muñoz-Suárez, C., F. de Brigard, and D. Daniel. Content and consciousness revisited, 2015. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-17374-0. Full Text

Montañés, Patricia, and F. De Brigard. Neuropsicologia clinica y cognoscitiva. Univ. Nacional de Colombia, 2001.

De Brigard, F. “Memory and the intentional stance.” In The Philosophy of Daniel Dennett, 62–91, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780199367511.003.0005. Full Text

De Brigard, F. “Memory, attention, and joint reminiscing.” In New Directions in the Philosophy of Memory, 200–220, 2018. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315159591. Full Text

De Brigard, F. “Memory and imagination.” In The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Memory, 127–40, 2017. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315687315. Full Text

Banerjee, S., J. Cox, F. De Brigard, and F. et. al. “The significance of cognitive neuroscience: Findings, applications and challenges.” In The Cognitive Neuroscience V, edited by R. Mangum and M. Gazzaniga, 1071–78. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2014.

St Jacques, P., and F. De Brigard. “Neural correlates of autobiographical memory: Methodological Considerations.” In The Handbook on the Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory., edited by A. Durte, M. Barense, and D. Addis. Wiley-Blackwell, 2013.

De Brigard, F. “What was I thinking? Dennett’s Content and Consciousness and the reality of propositional attitudes.” In Content and Consciousness Revisited, edited by C. M. Muñoz-Suárez and F. De Brigard. Springer, 2013.

De Brigard, F., K. S. Giovanello, and D. Kaufer. “Neuroanatomy of Memory.” In Behavioral Neurology and Neuropsychiatry, edited by D. B. Arcinegas, C. A. Anderson, and C. M. Filley. Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2013.

De Brigard, F. “Memoria, neurociencia y educación.” In La Pizarra de Babel: Puentes Entre Neurociencia, Psicologia y Educación, edited by S. Lipina and M. Sigman, 179–94. Buenos Aires: Libros del Zorzal, n.d.

Parikh, Natasha, Kevin S. LaBar, and Felipe De Brigard. “Phenomenology of counterfactual thinking is dampened in anxious individuals.Cogn Emot, August 4, 2020, 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1080/02699931.2020.1802230. Full Text

De Brigard, Felipe, Stephanie Langella, Mathew L. Stanley, Alan D. Castel, and Kelly S. Giovanello. “Age-related differences in recognition in associative memory.Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition 27, no. 2 (March 2020): 289–301. https://doi.org/10.1080/13825585.2019.1607820. Full Text

Stanley, Matthew L., Alisa Bedrov, Roberto Cabeza, and Felipe De Brigard. “The centrality of remembered moral and immoral actions in constructing personal identity.Memory (Hove, England) 28, no. 2 (February 2020): 278–84. https://doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2019.1708952. Full Text

De Brigard, F., B. Gessell, B. W. Yang, G. Stewart, and E. J. Marsh. “Remembering Possible Times: Memory for Details of Past, Future, and Counterfactual Simulations.” Psychology of Consciousness: Theory Research, and Practice, January 1, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1037/cns0000220. Full Text

De Brigard, Felipe, and Kevin O’Neill. “Two challenges for a dual system approach to temporal cognition.The Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42 (December 12, 2019): e247. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0140525x19000645. Full Text

Henne, Paul, Laura Niemi, Ángel Pinillos, Felipe De Brigard, and Joshua Knobe. “A counterfactual explanation for the action effect in causal judgment.Cognition 190 (September 2019): 157–64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2019.05.006. Full Text

Stanley, M. L., and F. De Brigard. “Moral Memories and the Belief in the Good Self.” Current Directions in Psychological Science 28, no. 4 (August 1, 2019): 387–91. https://doi.org/10.1177/0963721419847990. Full Text

De Brigard, Felipe, Eleanor Hanna, Peggy L. St Jacques, and Daniel L. Schacter. “How thinking about what could have been affects how we feel about what was.Cognition & Emotion 33, no. 4 (June 2019): 646–59. https://doi.org/10.1080/02699931.2018.1478280. Full Text

Murray, S., E. D. Murray, G. Stewart, W. Sinnott-Armstrong, and F. De Brigard. “Responsibility for forgetting.” Philosophical Studies 176, no. 5 (May 1, 2019): 1177–1201. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11098-018-1053-3. Full Text


De Brigard, F. “The Anatomy of Amnesia.” Scientific American Mind, 2014.

De Brigard, F. “The New Paideia.” 3:Am Magazine, 2014.

De Brigard, F. “Estados Unidos: Entre ilusiones y prejuicios.” Revista Javeriana, 2005.

De Brigard, F. “Finding Memory: Interview with Daniel L. Schacter.” Universitas Psychologica. Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, n.d.